political


political
Pertaining or relating to the policy or the administration of government, state or national. Pertaining to, or incidental to, the exercise of the functions vested in those charged with the conduct of government; relating to the management of affairs of state, as political theories; of or pertaining to exercise of rights and privileges or the influence by which individuals of a state seek to determine or control its public policy; having to do with organization or action of individuals, parties, or interests that seek to control appointment or action of those who manage affairs of a state. State ex rel. Maley v. Civic Action Committee, 238 Iowa 851, 28 N.W.2d 467, 470
@ political action committees
See PAC
@ political corporation
A public or municipal corporation; one created for political purposes, and having for its object the administration of governmental powers of a subordinate or local nature
@ political crime
In general, any crime directly against the government; e.g. treason; sedition. It includes any violent political disturbance without reference to a specific crime.
See also political offenses
@ political law
That branch of jurisprudence which treats of the science of politics, or the organization and administration of government. More commonly called "political science."
@ political liberty.
@ political offenses
As a designation of a class of crimes usually excepted from extradition treaties, this term denotes crimes which are incidental to and form a part of political disturbances; but it might also be understood to include offenses consisting in an attack upon the political order of things established in the country where committed, and even to include offenses committed to obtain any political object.
Under extradition treaties is an offense committed in the course of and incidental to a violent political disturbance, such as war, revolution and rebellion; an offense is not of a political character simply because it was politically motivated. Escobedo v. U.S., C.A.Fla., 623 F.2d 1098,1104.
See also political crime
@ political office
See office
@ political party
An association of individuals whose primary purposes are to promote or accomplish elections or appointments to public offices, positions, or jobs. State ex rel. Corrigan v. Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Co., 169 Ohio St. 42, 157 N.E.2d 331, 333.
A committee, association, or organization which accepts contributions or makes expenditures for the purpose of influencing or attempting to influence the election of presidential or vice presidential electors or of any individual whose name is presented for election to any federal, state, or local elective public office, whether or not such individual is elected. Cal.Rev. & Tax Code No. 24434(bXlXQ
+ political party
A body of voters organized for the purpose of influencing or controlling the policies and conduct of government through the nomination and election of its candidates to office.
See also party.
@ political questions
Questions of which courts will refuse to take cognizance, or to decide, on account of their purely political character, or because their determination would involve an encroachment upon the executive or legislative powers.
"Political question doctrine" holds that certain issues should not be decided by courts because their resolution is committed to another branch of government and/or because those issues are not capable, for one reason or another, of judicial resolution. Islamic Republic of Iran v. Pahlavi, 116 Misc.2d 590, 455 N.Y.S.2d 987, 990.
A matter of dispute which can be handled more appropriately by another branch of the government is not a "justiciable" matter for the courts. However, a state apportionment statute is not such a political question as to render it nonjusticiable. Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186, 208-210, 82 S.Ct. 691, 705-706, 7 L.Ed.2d 663
@ political question doctrine
"Political question doctrine" holds that certain issues should not be decided by courts because their resolution is committed to another branch of government and/or because those issues are not capable, for one reason or another, of judicial resolution. Islamic Republic of Iran v. Pahlavi, 116 Misc.2d 590, 455 N.Y.S.2d 987, 990.
A matter of dispute which can be handled more appropriately by another branch of the government is not a "justiciable" matter for the courts. However, a state apportionment statute is not such a political question as to render it nonjusticiable. Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186, 208-210, 82 S.Ct. 691, 705-706, 7 L.Ed.2d 663
@
- political rights
@ political subdivision
A division of the state made by proper authorities thereof, acting within their constitutional powers, for purpose of carrying out a portion of those functions of state which by long usage and inherent necessities of government have always been regarded as public. State ex rel. Maisano v. Mitchell, 155 Conn. 256, 231 A.2d 539, 542
@ political trial
Term loosely applied to trials in which the parties represent fundamentally different political convictions and in which the parties or one of them attempts to litigate their political beliefs.
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • political — pol‧it‧i‧cal [pəˈlɪtɪkl] adjective relating to the politics and government of a country, city etc: • The US has two main political parties. • the workers struggle for political power * * * political UK US /pəˈlɪtɪkəl/ adjective ► GOVERNMENT,… …   Financial and business terms

  • Political — Po*lit i*cal, a. 1. Having, or conforming to, a settled system of administration. [R.] A political government. Evelyn. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to public policy, or to politics; relating to affairs of state or administration; as, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • political — (adj.) 1550s, pertaining to a polity, civil affairs, or government; from L. politicus (see POLITIC (Cf. politic) (adj.)). Meaning taking sides in party politics (usually pejorative) is from 1749. Political prisoner first recorded 1860; political… …   Etymology dictionary

  • political — [pə lit′i kəl] adj. [< L politicus (see POLITIC) + AL] 1. of or concerned with government, the state, or politics 2. having a definite governmental organization 3. engaged in or taking sides in politics [political parties] 4. of or… …   English World dictionary

  • political — I adjective administrative, bureaucratic, civic, civilis, governmental, partisan, public, publicus associated concepts: political question II index …   Law dictionary

  • political — [adj] governmental bureaucratic, civic, constitutional, economical, legislative, official; concept 535 …   New thesaurus

  • political — ► ADJECTIVE 1) relating to the government or public affairs of a country. 2) related to or interested in politics. 3) chiefly derogatory acting in the interests of status within an organization rather than on principle. DERIVATIVES politically… …   English terms dictionary

  • political — politically, adv. /peuh lit i keuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or concerned with politics: political writers. 2. of, pertaining to, or connected with a political party: a political campaign. 3. exercising or seeking power in the governmental or …   Universalium

  • political — adjective 1 (no comparative) connected with the government or public affairs of a country and its relations with other countries: a loss of political freedom | a long period of political stability | The UN is seeking a political solution rather… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • political — po|lit|i|cal W1S3 [pəˈlıtıkəl] adj [Date: 1500 1600; : Latin; Origin: politicus; POLITIC] 1.) relating to the government, politics, and public affairs of a country →↑politically ▪ Education is now a major political issue. ▪ a time of political… …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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